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Computing SysAd and Security

What is a UDP Flood Attack (DoS)

A User Datagram Protocol flood attack is a type of denial of service attack (DoS) which relies on the basis that UDP connections are stateless. We recently discussed about TCP SYN attacks being used to DoS targets; now we’re talking about UDP which doesn’t work on the 3 way handshake of TCP. One benefit of […]

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Computing Linux SysAd and Security

How to do Port Scanning with Nmap

Network Mapper, usually just known as Nmap, is a powerful yet compact tool to have in your arsenal, giving you the power to explore a network and scan ports of various targets you find. Network and system administrators should know about this tool, its very helpful in debugging certain networking problems. It is however predominantly […]

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Computing SysAd and Security

Vulnerability Scanners Vs Penetration Tester

While browsing forums and articles it seems there’s some confusion over the distinction between vulnerability scanners and penetration testers. What do these two digital security roles have in common, where do they overlap and where do they differ. Vulnerability scanners and penetration testers should both have written or implied permission to perform both of their […]

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Computing Linux SysAd and Security

How to remember the OSI 7 model in order

Remembering the OSI 7 Model – Mnemonics The order that the different layers of the Open Systems Interconnection 7 model are found in matters hugely; needless to say you in certain IT roles you cant afford to forget where the data link layer occurs, or which layer comes before another, etc. Remembering the correct order […]

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Computing Fixes & Solutions SysAd and Security

What is a TCP SYN Flood Attack (DoS)

Today we’re looking at a specific type of DoS attack; the SYN flood denial of service attack. Although this type of attack can just as equally be performed as a DDoS attack, the examples we’ll use are for a standard single-source denial of service. A SYN-flood attack works by consuming resources on the targets machine […]

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Computing SysAd and Security

Explaining Denial of Service Attacks

Denial of Service attacks (DoS attacks) are rather simplistic in nature and devilishly easy to launch. In their simplest form against a well patched and updated system they don’t usually pose too much of a threat, however like most things they have bigger and more dangerous brothers out there. Sometimes its hard to explain a […]

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Computing Linux SysAd and Security

Information on Layers of the OSI-7 Model

What is the OSI-7 model? The Open-System Intercommunication model describes how the network communication layers are distinct and separate from one another. There are a few different network layer models, however this article only talks about the OSI-7 model. The OSI-7 model breaks the communication layers as follows (The physical layer is called the bottom […]

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Computing Linux SysAd and Security

How to use Linux’s Traceroute (3 Examples)

Connections over a network often need debugging but due to the nature of the networking-beast, the actual topography of the network may be unknown. Connections are usually perceived as going from A to B, for example your desktop computer connects to Amazons website. To help expose the exact topography of a network we can use […]

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Computing Linux Raspberry Pi SysAd and Security

Raspberry Pi Day3: Configuring and connecting securely and remotely with SSH

The other day I managed to mount the Raspberry Pi OS image onto an SD card and the Pi had its first taste of life. Now I’m going to attempt to set-up remote secure connections to the Pi so I can do away with the keyboard, mouse and monitor attached to the experimental hobby PC. […]

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Computing Fixes & Solutions SysAd and Security

Linux: Changing your password from the CLI

We all know that passwords are some of the most important pieces of information we have to remember, but on top of that we’re told we should change them regularly. This is all well and good, but do you know how to change your Linux password when you can’t get into the X windows manager? […]